Seth Jones, an academic who has studied the conflict in Afghanistan, has wrote a tract entitled "Community Defense in Afghanistan". Dr. Jones served as a Plans Officer and Advisor to the Special Forces organization conducting special operations in Afghanistan. He is also the author of In The Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan (Norton, 2009).
The article on community defense was published in the spring edition of Joint Force Quarterly. The article " . . . outlines the development of local defense forces in Afghanistan, which should be leveraged along with other efforts to build the ANA and ANP . . ." The article is available at the website of the National Defense University.